[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 5, Issue 1 (6-2017) ::
JCP 2017, 5(1): 41-50 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of Strengthening Memory Representations on Self-Esteem in People with Test Anxiety: A Pilot Study
Mohammad Khodayarifard Dr., Elaheh Hejazi Dr., Masoud Lavasani Dr., Zeinab Azimi Miss *
PhD candidate in educational psychology Tehran University , z_azimi@ut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1059 Views)

Low self-esteem is one of the key factors underlying psychopathology, such as test anxiety. It seems that the activation of positive self-representations in memory plays an important role in self-perception. The aim of this article was to determine the effect of strengthening memory representations on self-esteem in people with test anxiety. This study was based on a quasi-experimental design with pretest and post-test. According to retrieval competition approach, a training package was designed to promote self-esteem and after verifying its content validity by 5 expert psychologist, the intervention was administered in 10 sessions (a one-hour session per week). Participants were 10 high school students with test anxiety diagnosis which were selected by purposive and available sampling; and completed Spielberger Test Anxiety Inventory (TAI) and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) before and after the intervention and also one month follow up. Data analysis was performed using one-way trend analysis (one-way ANOVA with repeated measures). The results indicated that this intervention could lead to improve self-esteem and decrease test anxiety in participants (p˂0.01) and this trend continued until one month follow-up. As a result, it seems that interventions on the factors underlying psychopathology, such as low self-esteem, can have beneficial as well as proactive effects in this area and We may be able to make changes in self-concept even with no deliberate challenge to the thoughts.

Keywords: representation, retrieval competition, memory, self-esteem, test anxiety, intervention
Full-Text [PDF 300 kb]   (353 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/09/27 | Accepted: 2017/03/6 | Published: 2017/06/6
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

Write the security code in the box >

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Khodayarifard M, Hejazi E, Lavasani M, Azimi Z. The Effect of Strengthening Memory Representations on Self-Esteem in People with Test Anxiety: A Pilot Study. JCP. 2017; 5 (1) :41-50
URL: http://jcp.khu.ac.ir/article-1-2589-en.html

Volume 5, Issue 1 (6-2017) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه روانشناسی شناختی فصلنامه روانشناسی شناختی
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.19 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3638