Volume 6, Issue 2 (9-2018)                   CPJ 2018, 6(2): 61-70 | Back to browse issues page

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jafaripanji Z, rahmanian M, zare H. The Effectiveness of Critical Thinking Education Based on the Powell-Elder Model on Improving Cognitive and Self-efficacy Disorders in Teens. CPJ 2018; 6 (2) :61-70
URL: http://jcp.khu.ac.ir/article-1-2974-en.html
Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran , mahdiehrhmn@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (5254 Views)
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of teaching critical thinking based on the Powell-Elder model on improving the cognitive and self-efficacy of teens in Tehran.
Method: The research method was an applied and experimental type (post-test pre-test with control group). The statistical population consisted of all adolescents aged 13 to 16 years old in District 2 of Tehran. Data were analyzed by using a sampling method for 40 primary school students in Spring school as a sample group. A randomized trial was performed on 20 subjects in the experimental group and 20 in the control group. The data gathering tool was a Cognitive Distortion Questionnaire (Abdollahzadeh and Salar, 2010), Self-Efficacy Questionnaire for Children and Adolescents (SEQ-C) (2001). The experimental group was placed under the teaching of Powell-Alder Critical Thinking for 9 consecutive 90-minute sessions. Data were analyzed by multivariate covariance statistical tests using SPSS software.
Results: The results showed that there was a significant (P> 0.05) critical thinking education on reduction of cognitive distortions and increasing self-efficacy in adolescents in Tehran.
Conclusion: Considering the importance of the role of critical thinking on self-efficacy and cognitive distortions, school curricula should be organized in such a way as to rethink curriculum planning and curriculum in order to find ways to develop adolescents themselves and plan to prevent cognitive impairment.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/08/27 | Accepted: 2018/12/9 | Published: 2018/12/9

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